5000 years BP - 1535

before the foundation


years Before the Present

Mohawk of the St Lawrence Valley

The Mohawk of the St-Lawrence inhabited Tiohtiá: ke (Island of Montreal) long before the arrival of European colonizers on the continent. Their presence on the island dates back to the 1000s and late 1500s of our era. The oldest traces of habitation on the island of Montreal date back to around 5,000 years before today. The artifacts found at the Saint-Éloi site in Old Montreal or at the Nivard site in Verdun reflect the presence of indigenous peoples and their way of life for a long time.


Hochelaga Village

Historically, "Hochelaga" is the name of an Indigenous village that bordered Mount Royal, and that the French explorer Jacques Cartier visited on Sunday, October 3rd, 1535. This village was presumably occupied by the St. Lawrence Iroquoians. Today, a commemorative plaque for the village of Hochelaga is erected near the main entrance to McGill University, on Sherbrooke Street, in Montreal.

Pictures on this page

From top to bottom

  • La Terra De Hochelaga Nella Nova Francia, Terzo volume delle navigationi et viaggi de Giovanni Battista Ramusio [p. 446-447]. Bibliothèque et Archives Canada. 117664.
  • Huronne, Huron. [ca 1750]-[ca 1780], Archives de la Ville de Montréal. CA M001 BM007-2-D27-P003.
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